" Free software is software that respects your freedom and the social solidarity of your community. So its free as in freedom. - RMS "
Freedom in your computer and in the net by Richard Stallman. Everyone should watch this video.
Where to start?
Laptop buying guide
How to get the most /comfy/ experience with GNU/Linux - Tutorials
Reaching GNU/Linux Zen
Why you should use a GNU/Linux based OS
First of all its free. Free in price and free as in freedom. You will be free from the big companies that own your computer and sell/give your data, use YOUR PC for their interests and do more sketchy stuff day by day. Windows article
With a free OS, you can fully customise your computer, there are no limits, so you can set your workflow to however YOU desire.
Linux kernel works better and faster in all possible ways, includes all drivers in the kernel and it also auto recognises all your hardware however old it is. When i started using it I had no idea what to do, I tried doing everything like in Windows, but soon realised that it's a completely different environment and foundation. So dint try to make it work exactly like before.
Resources: Switched to Linux webpage, learn GNU/Linux essentials and many bash tricks. Trust me, don't be scared of anything, use search engine, watch tutorial videos to find an answer and follow the rule If it's not broken don't fix it!.
GNU/Linux has many variants called distributions or distros. Distros vary from package managers (how the OS updates and how software is installed), free software policy (some may have pieces of proprietary (non-free) software like codecs or drivers), how you install the distro (CLI based install or GUI install). What distro should I use?If you are coming from Windows 10: Linux Mint Cinnamon, (XFCE edition for older PCs), Ubuntu, POP OS if you are from MacOS or want to use GNOME DE, which gives away a MacOS look and feel.
Well i installed the chosen distro what now?
Get your favourite software, rice the desktop, install GPU drivers if you need them (nvidia works better with proprietary drivers), the process is different for every package manager, its as easy as opening an application(ie: Drivers, Driver Manager) on most distros (Ubuntu, Mint, Manjaro, Fedora...), click, click and install.
Detailed guides (use it in case if previous method doesn't work)<
Nvidia drivers - How to install nvidia drivers on all distros, How to install nvidia drivers on Ubuntu 18.04 . Nvidia only offers proprietary drivers and you should consider using AMD GPU for a better GNU/Linux experience, since AMD drivers are in the kernel. My nvidia graphics card works like a charm on newest drivers so it probably doesn't make a big difference. After you try all new functions, software and get comfy with your desktop environment, enjoy your FREE OS, then install neofetch and fap. This is your life now. Embrace it.
Every user reaches the zen one time. It may take months or years. It starts with installing your first distro, probably Ubuntu/Derivate, doing all sorts of mistakes and trying different software. Next part is wanting to try something different, so you decide to wipe your drive just for another DE, at this stage you know the basics and you start ricing your desktop. After some time doing who-knows-what with your OS without getting any actual work done at all, you install a meme distro like Arch or Gentoo and use a WM like i3 or dwm. Zen stage, the final stage of a GNU/Linux user. You realise that you made everything hard for yourself and getting no work done, just spending countless hours editing (copying) config files, you know deep in your heart that this is pointless so you begin using a distro like Fedora, Ubuntu/Debian/Fork, some go for Slackware or OpenBSD, FreeBSD. My Zen is Mint with Xfce desktop, GNUEmacs as text editor and cmus.
Laptop buying guide
Laptop, an important companion in your life, a tool many of us carry everywhere. There is a ton of lappys out there but few of them actually do their job good. Don't make a mistake and buy a new Acer at a local store for 300 ! Don't buy any cheap, non-business brands like Acer, Asus, HP, Chromebooks,...
You should only be looking at Dell Latitude, Precision, Thinkpad X, T series. Older models are better because of the best value for price (250 for a laptop that looks and works better than "modern" models), best GNU/Linux, *BSD support, some Thinkpad models can be bought with Libreboot/Coreboot - Technoethic shop , docking stations, lots of spare parts on market, way easier to repair and change components than on "modern" laptops. If you want an alternative look at: system76, purism, Starlabs.
Try to avoid:
My recommended laptops:
- "Modern" laptops
- No user-replaceable battery
- Large trackpad
- Extremely low-profile keyboards, with no response when typing
- Plastic screen back
- Lack of ports: Less than 2 USB, No VGA, no HDMI, no SD card reader
- 2-1 laptops
- No trackpoint
- No status LED's
My personal favourite is Dell Latitude series, because of the cold-like aluminium on screen back, backlit keyboard, models made around 2013 still have trackpoint and small trackpad. Thinkpads don't have aluminium cover and the plastic looks really bad after years of use.
- Dell Latitude and Precision line, Latitude E7440 is the best you can get
- Lenovo Thinkpad models : T61, T510, T410, X220
Everybody has their preferences, but this will be my list of what software you should use on your GNU/Linux OS.
- Browser - Firefox with many customizations
- Torrent client - Transmission (you can also use transmission in CLI mode)
- Music player - DeaDBeeF, cmus for CLI use (Both minimal music players, deadbeef offers countless features, cmus is application that offers great CLI look, i use it in "folder" view with personal color scheme. )
- Video player - mpv (one of the best features are its minimalism and function to quickly switch between different languages and subtitles)
- Text editor - one and only GNUEmacs
- IRC client - HexChat
- Other useful software : Timeshift (easy OS backup and restore), Handbrake (video transcoder), Gparted (disk partition manager), GIMP and Krita (Photoshopping and drawing software)
Redshift (colour temperature adjustment tool), Office suite - Libre Office.
Windows - we suck more
First of all its the king of proprietary software and main enemy of freedom in the world of computing. Microsoft's OS is just impossible to use. It looks terrible and you can't theme it, its impossible to remove certain features, basically you don't own your computer that's supposed to be personal and not property of a company.
Please, for your own computing freedom, for good of your computer and personal privacy. MacOS is also an enemy of your freedom but its not as invasive as windows is, whats more invasive then any piece of tech is Apple's hardware.
I wont explain everything myself, because i am too lazy to type it, so here are 3 pictures that explain everything to you. Please read them.